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Raag Malkauns – Anupriya Deotale (Violin)

A Beautiful Alaap in Raag Malkauns by Violin Maestro Anupriya Deotale.

About Raag Malkauns

Malkaush (also spelled Malkauns) is a raga in Indian classical music. It is one of the most ancient ragas of Indian classical music. The equivalent raga in Carnatic music is called Hindolam, not to be confused with the Hindustani Hindol.


The name Malkaush is derived from the combination of Mal and Kaushik, which means he who wears serpents like garlands — the god Shiva. However, the Malav-Kaushik mentioned in classical texts does not appear to be the same as the Malkauns performed today.

The raga is believed to have been created by goddess Parvati (the wife of Shiva) to calm Shiva, when the lord Shiva was outraged and was not calming down after Tandav in rage of Sati’s sacrifice.

Malkaush belongs to Shaivait musical school; in fact most pentatonic ragas belong to Shaivait musical school.His mace running with blood, garlanded with skulls of heroes, Malkaush surrounded by braves and bravest of the brave!
Shiv ttva ratnakara, 6, 8, 67

Arohana and Avarohana

Malkauns belongs to the Bhairavi thaat. Its notes are Sa, komal Ga, shuddh Ma, komal Dha, and komal Ni. In Western classical notation, its notes can be denoted as: tonic, minor third, perfect fourth, minor sixth and minor seventh. In raga Malkauns, Rishabh (Re – second) and Pancham (Pa – perfect fifth) are completely omitted. Its jaati is audav-audav (five-five, that is, pentatonic).

Arohana : ‘n S g m d n S’

Avarohana : S’ n d m g m g S, or S’ n d m g S

The ga used is actually ga Sadharan (the rough minor third), 316 cent above Sa

Vadi and Samavadi

The vadi swara is Madhyam (Ma) while the Samavadi swara is Shadaj (Sa).



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